The first one developed a piece of malware, named DNSpionage, targeting several government agencies in the Middle East, as well as an airline. During the research process for DNSpionage, we also discovered an effort to redirect DNSs from the targets and discovered some registered SSL certificates for them. We identified multiple countries targeted by this redirection. On 22 January 2019, the US DHS published a directive concerning this attack vector. In this presentation, we will present the timeline for these events and their technical details. The second actor is behind the campaign we named “Sea Turtle”. This actor is more advanced and more aggressive than the previous one. They do not hesitate to target directly registrars and one registry. The talk will present the 2 actors and the methodology used to target the victims.